An examination into the contributing factors associated with burnout in swimmers
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of this research project was to identify further factors associated with burnout, and how these factors compared to when athletes were at their peak performance level. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four athletes, all of which had withdrawn from competitive swimming has a result of burnout. The interviews covered the factors associated with the three dimensions of burnout, alongside other factors which had been identified and motivation levels. To ensure participants withdrawal was as a result of burnout, this study utilised the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ). Deductive and Inductive analysis on the participant’s interviews showed that five sections: Reduced Sense of Accomplishment, Exhaustion, Devaluation, Other Factors and Motivation contributed to burnout. The findings support previous research in the burnout phenomenon (Appleton, Hall and Hill, 2009: Gustafsson, Hassmen, Kentta and Johansson, 2008). Implications from this study show that athletes, coaches, parents and practitioners in sport psychology can benefit from reviewing this paper, as it gives an insight into how the factors of burnout effect swimmers.
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