An investigation into the relationship between the motivational climate, coach behaviours and predicting burnout; Does coach-athlete relationship and athlete identity mediate the relationship
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the motivational climate, coach behaviours and predicting burnout, and to identify if the coach-athlete relationship and athlete identity mediated the relationship. Research has provided evidence that the perception of the motivational climate can influence levels of burnout (Lemyre et al. 2008). Additionally, the literature perceptions of coaching styles and behaviours influence athletes’ burnout levels (Gould et al., 1996). Coach-athlete relationship was found to be negatively related to burnout (Gustafsson et al., 2008) and athlete identity has been shown to protect against burnout symptoms (Martin & Thelma, 2013). It was hypothesized that the coach-athlete relationship will significantly mediate the relationship between the motivational climate, coach behaviours and burnout. It was also hypothesised that athlete identity would mediate the relationships. Eighty two mixed gender University sport students (M= 21.44, SD= ±4.23) from various sports were used in this study. Data was collected using the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ), the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire- 2 (PMCSQ-2); the Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS) Questionnaire; CART-Q questionnaire and the Athlete Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS). A hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that coach-athlete relationship fully mediated the relationship between motivational climate and physical and emotional exhaustion (R2cha= 0.01, F3,227 = 3.06, P = N/S) and partially mediated both reduced sense of accomplishment (R2cha= 0.15, F3,227 = 10.10, P<0.01**) and devaluation (R2cha= 0.08, F3,227 = 9.01, P<0.05*). Whilst partially mediated the relationship between coach behaviours and all three burnout subscales. Athlete identity was found to fully mediate the relationship between motivational climate and physical and emotional exhaustion (R2cha= 0.01, F3,227 = 2.39, P= N/S), whilst partially mediating reduced sense of accomplishment and devaluation. Social identity was found to partially explain the relationship between coach behaviours and all three burnout subscales. The present study expanded research on the relationship between the motivational climate, coach behaviours and burnout, and proved that coach-athlete relationship and athlete identity could provide an explanation to the interaction. The results provide support to coaches that they should be aware of the importance of building effective coach-athlete relationships, and providing the opportunity for athletes to adopt social identities by manipulating the motivational climate and developing autonomy supportive coaching behaviours. Future research on the relationship between the motivational climate, coach behaviours and burnout should consider the effects of the coach-athlete relationship and athlete identity on the relationship.
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