The role of social capital and community belongingness for exercise adherence: An exploratory study of the CrossFit gym model
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This is the first study to measure the ‘sense of community’ reportedly offered by the CrossFit gym model. A cross-sectional study adapted Social Capital and General Belongingness scales to compare perceptions of a CrossFit gym and a traditional gym. CrossFit gym members reported significantly higher levels of social capital (both bridging and bonding) and community belongingness compared with traditional gym members. However, regression analysis showed neither social capital, community belongingness, nor gym type was an independent predictor of gym attendance. Exercise and health professionals may benefit from evaluating further the ‘sense of community’ offered by gym-based exercise programmes.
Journal of Health psychology
Whiteman-Sandland, Jessica, Hawkins, Jemma and Clayton, Debbie (2016) 'The role of social capital and community belongingness for exercise adherence: An exploratory study of the CrossFit gym model', Journal of Health Psychology 10.1177/1359105316664132
This article was published in Journal of Health Psychology on 23 August 2016 (online before print), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105316664132
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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