The effect of an acute bout of resistance exercise on carotid artery strain and strain rate
Black, Jane M.
Stöhr, Eric J.
Pugh, Christopher J. A.
Esformes, Joseph I.
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Arterial wall mechanics likely play an integral role in arterial responses to acute physiological stress. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the impact of low and moderate intensity double-leg press exercise on common carotid artery (CCA) wall mechanics using 2D vascular strain imaging. Short-axis CCA ultrasound images were collected in 15 healthy men (age: 21 ± 3 years; stature: 176.5 ± 6.2 cm; body mass; 80.6 ± 15.3 kg) before, during, and immediately after short-duration isometric double-leg press exercise at 30% and 60% of participants’ one-repetition maximum (1RM: 317 ± 72 kg). Images were analyzed for peak circumferential strain (PCS), peak systolic and diastolic strain rate (S-SR and D-SR) and arterial diameter. Heart rate (HR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were simultaneously assessed and arterial stiffness indices were calculated post hoc. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that during isometric contraction, PCS and S-SR decreased significantly (P < 0.01) before increasing significantly above resting levels post-exercise (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 respectively). Conversely, D-SR was unaltered throughout the protocol (P = 0.25). No significant differences were observed between the 30% and 60% 1RM trials. Multiple regression analysis highlighted that HR, BP and arterial diameter did not fully explain the total variance in PCS, S-SR and D-SR. Acute double-leg press exercise is therefore associated with similar transient changes in CCA wall mechanics at low and moderate intensities. CCA wall mechanics likely provide additional insight into localized intrinsic vascular wall properties beyond current measures of arterial stiffness.
Black, J.M., Stohr, E.J., Stone, K., Pugh, C.J., Stembridge, M., Shave, R. & Esformes, J.I. (2016) 'The effect of an acute bout of resistance exercise on carotid artery strain and strain rate', Physiological Reports, 4 (17), e12959.
This article was published in Physiological Reports in August 2016 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.14814/phy2.12959
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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