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dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Paul
dc.contributor.authorForbes, Alison
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-30T13:56:20Z
dc.date.available2016-11-30T13:56:20Z
dc.date.issued2016-02-12
dc.identifier.citationEdwards, L., Davis, P. and Forbes, A. (2016) 'Challenging sex segregation: A philosophical evaluation of the football association’s rules on mixed football', Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, 9(4), pp.389-400en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/8223
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Sport, Ethics and Philosophy on 12 February 2016 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17511321.2015.1127995en_US
dc.description.abstractThe Football Association (FA) has been under pressure to allow girls to play in mixed teams since 1978, following 12-year old Theresa Bennett’s application to play with boys in a local league. In 1991, over a decade after Bennett’s legal challenge, the FA agreed to remove its ban on mixed football and introduced Rule C4 in order to permit males and females to play together in competitive matches under the age of 11. More recently, following a campaign by parents, coaches, local Members of Parliament and the Women’s Sport Foundation, the FA agreed to trial mixed football for the under-12 to under-15 age categories in order to establish, among other things, the risk of injury to players in sex-integrated competitions. A series of exponential changes ensued: between 2010 and 2014, the age at which mixed football was permitted increased from U11 to U16. In 2015, the FA announced the decision to raise the age limit on mixed football from U16 to U18 for the forthcoming 2015–2016 season. We critically examine the reasons given by the FA for enforcing segregated participation beyond the age of 18, namely that males have an unfair advantage and that females face an unacceptable risk of injury. We also discuss the argument that removing the ban might harm the women’s game. In conclusion, we suggest that the FA ought to abandon the ban on mixed football over the age of 18.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSport, Ethics and Philosophy;
dc.subjectgenderen_US
dc.subjectfootballen_US
dc.subjectmixed competition;en_US
dc.subjectsex segregationen_US
dc.titleChallenging sex segregation: A philosophical evaluation of the football association’s rules on mixed footballen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17511321.2015.1127995
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-12-01
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-11-30
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2017-08-12
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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