Effects of early whole-body vibration treatment on knee neuromuscular function and postural control after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A randomized controlled trial
Pistone, Eugenio M
Di Cagno, Alessandra
Medical Journals Limited
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Objectives: To assess the effects of adding an early whole-body vibration protocol at optimal frequency (WBV-OF) to a traditional rehabilitation programme (TRP), in comparison with a TRP, on maximal strength and balance, after ACL reconstruction. Design: Thirty-four ACL reconstructed patients with hamstring-tendon graft underwent either 4 weeks of WBV-OF training in addition to a TRP, or to a TRP only, starting from the first month after surgery. Patients were assessed for maximal voluntary isometric strength during both knee extension and flexion and for balance on a force platform before, 1 month after treatment and at 3-month follow-up. Results: Strength symmetry of the knee flexor muscles improved in WBV-OF+TRP patients more than in TRP patients 1 month after treatment (66±15 % vs 58±13 %), and also at the 3-month follow up (77±15 % vs 64±15 %), with no differences in balance improvements between the two groups. Conclusions: Adding 4-weeks of WBV-OF to a TRP 1 month after surgery is effective in improving muscle strength of the knee flexor muscles. This early intervention may be incorporated into current rehabilitation to facilitate early strength recovery of ACL reconstructed patients.
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine;
Pistone EM, Laudani L, Camillieri G, Di Cagno A, Tomassi G, Macaluso A, Giombini A. Effects of early whole-body vibration treatment on knee neuromuscular function and postural control after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A randomized controlled trial. J Rehabil Med. 2016 Nov 11;48(10):880-886. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2150.
This article was published in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine in November 2016, available open access at http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2150.
University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, Italy
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