Music regulators in two string quartets: A comparison of communicative behaviors between low- and high-stress performance conditions
Frontiers in Psychology
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In ensemble performances, group members use particular bodily behaviors as a sort of “language” to supplement the lack of verbal communication. This article focuses on music regulators, which are defined as signs to other group members for coordinating performance. The following two music regulators are considered: body gestures for articulating attacks (a set of movements externally directed that are used to signal entrances in performance) and eye contact. These regulators are recurring observable behaviors that play an important role in non-verbal communication among ensemble members. To understand how they are used by chamber musicians, video recordings of two string quartet performances (Quartet A performing Bartók and Quartet B performing Haydn) were analyzed under two conditions: a low stress performance (LSP), undertaken in a rehearsal setting, and a high stress performance (HSP) during a public recital. The results provide evidence for more emphasis in gestures for articulating attacks (i.e., the perceived strength of a performed attack-type body gesture) during HSP than LSP. Conversely, no significant differences were found for the frequency of eye contact between HSP and LSP. Moreover, there was variability in eye contact during HSP and LSP, showing that these behaviors are less standardized and may change according to idiosyncratic performance conditions. Educational implications are discussed for improving interpersonal communication skills during ensemble performance.
Frontiers in Psychology;1229
Biasutti, M., Concina, E., Wasley, D. and Williamon, A. (2016) 'Music regulators in two string quartets: A comparison of communicative behaviors between low- and high-stress performance conditions. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, pp.1229. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01229
This article was published in Frontiers in Psychology on 25 August 2016 (online), available open access at https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01229 This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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