Investigating the influence of school environment on self-esteem and sporting participation in adolescent girls
University of Wales Institute Cardiff
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Aim: To investigate the influence of a coeducational and single sex school environment on self-esteem and sport participation in adolescent females. Rationale: The literature is limited when concerning the influence of school environment and Physical Education upon global self-esteem and participation in an all female sample. Research Design: A mixed method approach was integrated into the study. A combined sample of twenty-two participating and non-participating females completed the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP), the Perceived Importance Profile (PIP) and Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale (RSE). These assessed global self-esteem and its underlying subcomponents in relation to perceptions of the physical self. Qualitative Interviews were conducted in focus groups to identify the factors influencing withdrawal and participation in sport and Physical Education. Results and Conclusions: The findings reported significant main effects for a single sex environment on global self-esteem. Those who still participated in sport demonstrated higher levels in the subcomponents of self-esteem in comparison to the non-participating sample. Common themes established from the Interviews were identified as having an influence over global self-esteem and participation in sport and physical activity. These findings acknowledged practical implications upon mental health, the National Curriculum for Physical Education and motivation for adolescent females. The study highlights the need for intervention strategies in future research, in order to enhance global self-esteem and tackle the issue of withdrawal from sport in adolescent females.
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