The effects of reflexology on shoulder pain among massage therapists
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: There are a few academic publications regarding the use of reflexology and its efficacy for treating shoulder pain. Aims: To evaluate the perceived changes in disability, self-efficacy and character of pain in relation to shoulder pain. Method: A A-B-A single-subject-experimental design was used over a period of six weeks. The Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Questionnaire was used to measure disability and the Pain Self Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) was used to measure self-efficacy. The Pain Quality Assessment Scale was used to measure disability too. Results: The DASH Questionnaire showed statistically significant improvement in the degree of disability. However, the DASH questionnaire’s additional modules which had also shown improvement did not prove to be statistically significant. Self-efficacy had improved but did not show significance either. The PSEQ had shown improvement in self-efficacy, however, the results were also not statistically significant. Intensity and unpleasantness of pain had demonstrated statistical significance. However, dullness, sharpness, numbness and tenderness did not change significantly from Baseline to Follow-up. Conclusion: Although results from this study show improvements in disability, self-efficacy and quality of pain, future research is necessary to examine the effects of reflexology on perceived shoulder pain.
BSc (Hons) Complementary Healthcare
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