Foetal Ureaplasma parvum bacteraemia as a function of gestation-dependent complement insufficiency: Evidence from a sheep model of pregnancy
Kemp, Matthew W.
Beeton, Michael L.
Payne, Matthew S.
Kallapur, Suhas G.
Kramer, Boris W.
Stock, Sarah J.
Jobe, Alan H.
Newnham, John P.
Spiller, Owen B.
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Problem Complement is a central defence against sepsis, and increasing complement insufficiency in neonates of greater prematurity may predispose to increased sepsis. Ureaplasma spp. are the most frequently cultured bacteria from preterm blood samples. Method of study A sheep model of intrauterine Ureaplasma parvum infection was used to examine in vivo Ureaplasma bacteraemia at early and late gestational ages. Complement function and Ureaplasma killing assays were used to determine the correlation between complement potency and bactericidal activity of sera ex vivo. Results Ureaplasma was cultured from 50% of 95-day gestation lamb cord blood samples compared to 10% of 125-day gestation lambs. Bactericidal activity increased with increased gestational age, and a direct correlation between functional complement activity and bactericidal activity (R2=.86; P<.001) was found for 95-day gestational lambs. Conclusions Ureaplasma bacteraemia in vivo was confined to early preterm lambs with low complement function, but Ureaplasma infection itself did not diminish complement levels.
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology;
Kemp, M.W., Ahmed, S., Beeton, M.L., Payne, M.S., Saito, M., Miura, Y., Usuda, H., Kallapur, S.G., Kramer, B.W., Stock, S.J., Jobe, A.H., Newnham, J.P., and Spiller, O.B. (2017) 'Foetal Ureaplasma parvum bacteraemia as a function of gestation‐dependent complement insufficiency: Evidence from a sheep model of pregnancy', American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 77(1).
Dynodwr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOI)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aji.12599
This article was published in American Journal of Reproductive Immunology on 14 November 2016 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aji.12599
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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Beeton, Michael L.; Maxwell, Nicola C.; Chalker, Victoria J.; Aboklaish, Ali; Spiller, Owen (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2016-07-14)Isolation of Ureaplasma spp. from preterm neonates and the association with development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia has been previously investigated. However, few studies have contrasted the nature of infection in twins. ...
Protection of the Ovine Fetal Gut against Ureaplasma-Induced Chorioamnionitis: A Potential Role for Plant Sterols van Gorp, Charlotte; de Lange, I.H.; Spiller, O.B.; Dewez, F.; Cillero Pastor, B.; Heeren, R.; Kessels, L.; Kloosterboer, N.; van Gemert, W.L.; Beeton, Michael L.; Stock, S.J. (MDPI, 2019-04-27)Chorioamnionitis, clinically most frequently associated with Ureaplasma, is linked to intestinal inflammation and subsequent gut injury. No treatment is available to prevent chorioamnionitis-driven adverse intestinal ...
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