Prevalence of non-functional overreaching in elite male and female youth academy football players
De Ste Croix, M.
Lloyd, Rhodri S.
Taylor & Francis
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of non-functional overreaching (NFOR) and overtraining (OT) in elite male and female youth football players. Methods: Two-hundred and forty-two youth football players (n = 138 boys and n = 104 girls) aged between 12 - 17 y completed a questionnaire to identify the occurrence of NFOR/OT and associated symptoms. Results: No players experienced OT. Significant sex differences for NFOR were found between girls 9% compared to boys 27% (p <0.05). For players that experienced NFOR, 33% of girls and 60% of boys experienced multiple bouts. Compared to girls, boys completed higher volumes of football training (16.3 ± 4.5 versus 12.7 ± 5.7 hours per week, p <0.05), but training load was not a significant predictor of NFOR for either sex. In both sexes NFOR was associated with tiredness, a lack of appetite, sore or heavy muscles, feeling in a bad mood, and feeling apathetic. Conclusion: Male and female elite youth football players engaged in high training volumes and experienced similar NFOR symptoms. However, there is a much higher prevalence of NFOR in boys and in those who have suffered previous bouts of NFOR.
Science and Medicine in Football;
Williams, C.A., Winsley, R.J., Pinho, G., de Ste Croix, M., Lloyd, R.S. and Oliver, J.L. (2017) 'Prevalence of non-functional overreaching in elite male and female youth academy football players', Science and Medicine in Football, 1(3), pp.222-228.
This article was published in Science and Medicine in Football on 20 June 2017 (online), available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2017.1336282
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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