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dc.contributor.authorFarana, Roman
dc.contributor.authorIrwin, Gareth
dc.contributor.authorJandacka, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorUchytil, Jaroslav
dc.contributor.authorMullineaux, David
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-27T15:07:45Z
dc.date.available2017-06-27T15:07:45Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationFarana, R., Irwin, G., Jandacka, D., Uchytil, J. and Mullineaux, D.R. (2015) 'Elbow joint variability for different hand positions of the round off in gymnastics', Human Movement Science, 39, pp.88-100en_US
dc.identifier.issn0167-9457
dc.identifier.issn1872-7646 (ESSN)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/8479
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Human Movement Science on 25 November 2014 (online), available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2014.11.001en_US
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the present study was to conduct within-gymnast analyses of biological movement variability in impact forces, elbow joint kinematics and kinetics of expert gymnasts in the execution of the round-off with different hand positions. Six international level female gymnasts performed 10 trials of the round-off from a hurdle step to a back-handspring using two hand potions: parallel and T-shape. Two force plates were used to determine ground reaction forces. Eight infrared cameras were employed to collect the kinematic data automatically. Within gymnast variability was calculated using biological coefficient of variation (BCV) discretely for ground reaction force, kinematic and kinetic measures. Variability of the continuous data was quantified using coefficient of multiple correlations (CMC). Group BCV and CMC were calculated and T-test with effect size statistics determined differences between the variability of the two techniques examined in this study. The major observation was a higher level of biological variability in the elbow joint abduction angle and adduction moment of force in the T-shaped hand position. This finding may lead to a reduced repetitive abduction stress and thus protect the elbow joint from overload. Knowledge of the differences in biological variability can inform clinicians and practitioners with effective skill selection.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesHuman Movement Science;
dc.subjectbiomechanicsen_US
dc.subjectfundamentalen_US
dc.subjectskillen_US
dc.subjecttechniqueen_US
dc.subjecttumblingen_US
dc.titleElbow joint variability for different hand positions of the round off in gymnastics.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2014.11.001
dcterms.dateAccepted2014
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-06-27
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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