Quality of the nutrition information online for the dyslexic
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background Websites can be utilized as a useful mediator between health professionals and the health information seeker. An abundance of health information is available and searched for online. The evidence base for the use of nutrition in the management of dyslexia is sparse. However, where online nutritional advice is available, there are concerns regarding the quality and readability of the information. This research aims to critique the quality of the nutrition information online for the dyslexic, in relation to the improvement of their condition and to determine how comprehendible that information is. Methods Existing quality evaluation tools and a readability tool were applied to website samples in order to assess the quality and readability of nutritional information for dyslexia management. A total of 13 eligible (n=13) websites were identified and evaluated. Results 76% of the websites scored <50% of available marks for quality attributes. Around half of the website samples were considered in the easier reading range. Two of the highest achieving websites for quality scores, also scored favourably for readability. Conclusion There is limited nutritional information available for the dyslexic. All websites failed to meet the full quality criteria in respect of JAMA and HONcode criteria. Readability of text was varied, but difficult to assess due to the readability formula not accounting for the variation of reading ability range of a dyslexic. However, vagueness of nutritional information that was available could be considered a positive factor. Due to the uncertainty surrounding the field of dyslexia, the vagueness acts to somewhat force the health information searcher to look to gain professional advice instead of trusting the variability of the web information. Strategies to monitor quality and consumer centred readability should be considered for the future of the heath information seeker.
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