A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACTS OF UK MUSIC FESTIVALS ON THE ENVIRONMENT USING THREE COMPARATIVE CASE STUDIES
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The purpose of the dissertation was to address the research question which was ‘Are UK music festivals environmentally sustainable?’ focusing on the research title of “A critical analysis of the impacts of UK music festivals on the environment” using three comparative case studies: Glastonbury, Creamfields Festival and Reading Festival. The core topic of the study was UK music festivals, with studies in to the environmental impacts of UK music festivals, environmental sustainability and UK music festival attendees. This study used a research design of both qualitative and quantitative methods: a questionnaire of over 150 UK festival attendees and an interview with the director of Redman Events. The researcher also studied existing literature surrounding sustainability, assessing in depth current environmental sustainability laws, statistics of the impacts UK music festivals have on the environment, the laws that must be adhered to by UK music festivals in regards to environmental sustainability, motivations for UK music festivals to engage in environmental sustainability above the law guidelines, audience demographic as an environmental impact and the methods UK music festivals use to encourage attendees to engage in environmentally sustainable actions. The research findings highlighted that UK music festivals have negative impacts on the environment, hence why environmental sustainability is essential within all UK music festivals and must be adopted to ensure compliance with the law. The research findings also highlighted that the efforts to promote environmental sustainability differ depending on the organisation and the audience demographic. This addressed a gap in existing literature regarding whether audience demographic impacts on environmental sustainability. Furthermore, the study findings can be applied to UK music festivals as they can aid in development of environmentally sustainable policies.
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