Reflexology for adult males with idiopathic constipation: a feasibility study - What effect does foot reflexology have on the symptoms and quality of life of adult males with idiopathic constipation?
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: Previous research by Woodward et al (2010) suggested that foot reflexology has a positive effect on the symptoms of idiopathic constipation and improving the quality of life (QoL) of female sufferers. To date there has been no similar studies using male participants. Aims: To evaluate if foot reflexology influences the symptoms of idiopathic constipation and the QoL of male sufferers; to compare results with the Woodward et al (2010) research. Method: A single-subject experimental design (SSED) was used. Five adult males with idiopathic constipation received foot reflexology for four weeks. The Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile (MYMOP2), The Patient Assessment of Constipation – Symptom (PAC-SYM) and Short Form 36 (SF-36) were used to collect data. Data were analysed using Microsoft Excel. Descriptive statistics were produced using the IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results: All participants had an overall improvement in symptoms (PAC-SYM and MYMOP2); with an overall mean improvement of 15.40 (PAC-SYM). All participants had an overall improvement in QoL; with an overall mean improvement of 76.10 (SF- 36). Like the Woodward et al study (2010) Pain and Vitality featured within the SF-36 categories with greatest mean improvement. Conclusion: The study’s results suggest that foot reflexology may have a positive effect on the symptoms of idiopathic constipation and the QoL of adult male sufferers. There were limited similarities with previous research into the effects of reflexology on females with idiopathic constipation. Further larger scale research is necessary to validate the study results due to its small sample size and presented limitations.
B.Sc. (Hons) Complementary Healthcare
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