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dc.contributor.authorHill, Denise M.
dc.contributor.authorMatthews, Nic
dc.contributor.authorSenior, Ruth
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-17T11:38:41Z
dc.date.available2017-10-17T11:38:41Z
dc.date.issued2016-12-01
dc.identifier.citationHill, D.M., Matthews, N. and Senior, R. (2016) 'The psychological characteristics of performance under pressure in professional rugby union referees', The Sport Psychologist, 30(4), pp.376-387.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0888-4781
dc.identifier.issn1543-2793 (ESSN)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/8796
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Sport Psychologist on 1 December 2016, available at https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2015-0109en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study used qualitative methods to explore the stressors, appraisal mechanism, emotional response, and effective/ineffective coping strategies experienced by elite rugby union referees during pressurized performances. Participants included seven male rugby union referees from the United Kingdom (Mage = 27.85, SD = 4.56) who had been officiating as full-time professionals for between 1 and 16 years (M = 4.85, SD = 5.42). Data revealed that the referees encountered a number of stressors, which were appraised initially as a ‘threat’, and elicited negatively-toned emotions. The referees were able to maintain performance standards under pressure by adopting proactive, problem- and emotion-focused coping strategies which managed effectively the stressors and their emotions. However, the use of avoidance-coping, reactive control, and informal impression management were perceived as ineffective coping strategies, and associated with poor performance and choking. Recommendations are offered to inform the psychological skills training of rugby union referees.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherHuman Kinetics Journalsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesThe Sport Psychologist;
dc.subjectstress processen_US
dc.subjectchoking under pressureen_US
dc.subjectclutch performanceen_US
dc.subjectcopingen_US
dc.titleThe psychological characteristics of performance under pressure in professional Rugby Union refereesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2015-0109
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-07-16
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-10-17
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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