Investigation of the Differing Effects of Mindfulness Of Anxiety and Depression Levels
Jenkins, Amy Ruth
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Research has found that mindfulness levels have an effect on psychological well-being. More specifically, mindfulness-based interventions and therapies (MBI’s, MBT’s) have been found to decrease symptoms of clinical anxiety and depression. Five facets of mindfulness: observation, description, acting awareness, non-judgement and non-reacting were established and were utilised in clinical environments to measure levels of mindfulness. Limitations in past research include the lack of studies investigating naturally occurring mindfulness and its effect on anxiety and depression. Therefore, this study used anxiety and depression inventories and the five-facet mindfulness questionnaire in a non-clinical, opportunity sample that consisted of mainly undergraduate students. Two Pearson’s correlations revealed significant positive relationships between the facet ‘observe’ and anxiety and depression, negative correlations were found with the other four facets. However, multiple regression analyses observed no significant correlations with anxiety and ‘act with awareness’ or ‘describe’ despite the ‘describe’ facet being initially found as one of the strongest correlated facets with anxiety. This study highlighted the importance of distinguishing between anxiety and depression as certain elements of each disorder respond differently to the five facets of mindfulness.
B.Sc. (Hons) Psychology
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