The Effects of Compression Clothing on Lower Limb Musculoskeletal Injuries in Competitive Middle/Long Distance Runners
Hopkins, Jonathan David Mark
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background: Compression clothing has been shown to have anti-inflammatory benefits and studies suggest that it can improve performance and/or recovery. (Pruscinco, et al. 2013) This study investigates the effects of compression clothing on competitive middle and long distance runners. Aim: Assess the relationship between lower limb compression clothing on performance and recovery in competitive middle and/or long distance runners. Method: 10 participants (5 male & 5 female) completed two 3 kilometre runs on a treadmill (1% incline): the first without compression socks and the second with compression socks. The runs were 48 hours apart. Results were recorded using different questionnaires before and after the tests. Results: Time for both 3 kilometre runs and muscle, bone, ligament and tendon soreness ratings were used to assess performance and recovery differences between the two tests. Even though differences were observed, no significant findings were found in the test (p value = <0.05). Conclusion: The test showed there is possibility for improvements in performance and recovery when using compression clothing. Different study types and methods need to be used to further investigate these effects e.g. longitudinal study.
BSc (Hons) Biomedical Sciences (Health, Excercise & Nutrition)
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