A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF STUDIES INVESTIGATING THE INFLUENCES OF DIET AND EXERCISE IN CANCERS OF THE BREAST AND PROSTATE
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Background/ Objective. Breast and Prostate cancer are the largest causes of cancer related deaths for females and males respectively worldwide. Many genetic and environmental factors contribute to the aetiology of both forms of the cancer. Various dietary factors from multiple populations act as carcinogens or anti-carcinogens and can heavily influence the risk of developing Breast or Prostate cancer. Aim The aim of this systematic review was to highlight various dietary factors from a range of populations and explore the protective and causative associations with Breast and Prostate cancer. Method. A comprehensive search of the database PubMed was carried out to find eligible articles. Articles, titles and abstracts were then hand searched and examined to be included in the review. Case-control or population control studies based in Europe, America and Asia with a population of 300 or greater, quoting an Odds ratio for the measure of association were eligible for inclusion in this review. Results. Out of the 392 articles screened for Breast cancer, 8 studies met the eligibility criteria. Studies from Mediterranean and Asian populations showed potential protection against the disease. For breast cancer, out of the 144 articles screened, 7 articles met the eligibility criteria. Asian populations were shown to have smaller risk of prostate cancer, whilst multiple studies from America highlighted dietary factors associated with increased risk of prostate cancer.
BSc (Hons) Biomedical Sciences (Health, Excercise & Nutrition)
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