The effect of social media priming on attentional bias to body related words
Cardiff Metropolitan University
MetadataShow full item record
Previous research suggests that individuals diagnosed with clinical eating disorder exhibit attentional bias towards disorder relevant information. This phenomenon has also been found within non-clinical samples e.g. dieters, individuals with high body dissatisfaction and those with eating concerns however this research is lacking and often produces mixed results. Few studies have utilized priming techniques in this area which may be useful in activating dormant body schemas before cognitive testing. The aim of this study was to examine whether social media can cause attentional biases to body related words (fat, thin, attractive and unattractive words) in a non-clinical sample, after priming has occurred. The priming task involved participants watching a short screen recording of an Instagram feed, the recording contained typical fitspiration images. fitspiration has previously shown to cause body dissatisfaction therefore a healthy sample of young women may be primed to show attentional biases towards body related words. A total of 20 women between the ages 18-25 took part in this study, all of which completed a dot probe task and a priming task. A 2x2x4 mixed ANOVA revealed that there was a significant difference between attentional bias scores before and after priming, however there was no significant differences between the experimental or the control group. No significant differences were found between mean reaction times towards fat, thin, unattractive and attractive word groups. It was concluded that although attentional bias scores increased after priming this was likely due to confounding variables. Future research should address methodical issues within attentional bias research and attempt to study a wider range of groups.
B.Sc. (Hons) Psychology
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Adams, Danielle; Ashford, Kelly J.; Jackson, Robin C. (Human Kinetics Journals, 2014)The effect of priming on the speed and accuracy of skilled performance and on a probe-reaction time task designed to measure residual attentional capacity, was assessed. Twenty-four skilled soccer players completed a ...
An investigation into whether exposure to Instagram “Fitspiration” related imagery effects body dissatisfaction and food Intake in female undergraduates Cashman, Ava Lily (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2017-06-01)Predominantly literature has often focused upon how a thin female body ideal, often associated with western cultures encourage by mass media and but also social media can consequentially influence eating disorders and the ...
Moschidou, Christina (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)The economic crisis that started in 2007 and had previously affected a large part of the world reached Greece in 2009, leading to a series of reforms and repercussions that affected not only Greece, but also the rest of ...