Anxiety and motor performance: Conscious processing and the process goal paradox
Faull, Andrea Leigh
University of Wales
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
This thesis examined the process goal paradox and the conscious processing hypothesis (CPH; Masters, 1992) as an explanation for performance decrements in conditions of high cognitive state anxiety. The aims of the thesis were to: (1) investigate the process goal paradox as a means of examining conscious processing effects, (2) examine the number of part process goals as a method of inducing conscious processing and (3) to make use of an interdisciplinary approach to uncover the mechanisms underlying conscious processing effects. The thesis comprised four empirical studies that adopted a range of methodological approaches including quantitative and qualitative research. Study 1 examined the process goal paradox using a part process goal, a holistic process goal, an external goal and a discovery learning group in a driving simulation task in acquisition and across neutral and competition conditions. Study 2 investigated the process goal paradox using a part process goal, a holistic process goal and an external goal, in novice and expert performers in a basketball free throw task in low and high anxiety conditions. Study 3 examined the impact of using a varying number of part process goals when performing under high and low anxiety conditions in expert tennis players. Overall the findings of studies 1, 2 and 3 supported the use of goals in preventing performance decrements under conditions of high anxiety. No support was found for conscious processing. Subsequently, study 4 aimed to ascertain the causes and mechanisms that contribute to performance failure under pressure. Overall, the results of study 4 suggest that performance decrements under conditions of high anxiety are more suitably explained by attentional based theories such as Processing Efficiency Theory (PET; Eysenck & Calvo, 1992) rather than self focus explanations, such as the CPH.
Yn dangos eitemau sy’n perthyn drwy deitl, awdur, pwnc a chrynodeb.
Attentional focus and performance anxiety: effects on simulated race-driving performance and heart rate variability Mullen, Richard; Jones, Eleri; Faull, Andrea; Kingston, Kieran (Frontiers, 2012)Previous studies have demonstrated that an external focus can enhance motor learning compared to an internal focus. The benefits of adopting an external focus are attributed to the use of less effortful automatic control ...
Archer, Nathan (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2014)Objective: The purpose of the study was to qualitatively examine the anxiety effects on free-throw performance through a multi-method approach. Design and Methods: Four experienced male basketball players were ...
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