Jogging Indoors and Outdoors: The Impact on State Anxiety
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental health issues in the UK and Worldwide. Large numbers of physical inactivity and the rapid urbanisation of today are also global concerns that contribute to mental-ill health. Previous research has found associations between natural environments, physical activity and psychological well-being. Exercise in “green” environments has been shown to be more beneficial than in urban environments. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of jogging (indoors and outdoors) on state-anxiety. It was hypothesised that state-anxiety would reduce after jogging and that jogging outdoors would have greater benefits. 10 participants from the South Wales area (8 male; 2 female) took part in a repeated measures experiment. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used to compare state-anxiety scores before and after exercise. Participants were asked to jog at a comfortable pace indoors (treadmill at a gym) and outdoors (flat public field), on two separate days. Intensity was measured using the SenseWear amband and the Borg Scale. Results were in line with previous research to suggest that aerobic exercise can significantly reduce state-anxiety. There was no significant effect of exercise condition, however, trends in the data suggest that jogging outdoors produced greater reductions in anxiety. Future research should aim to understand what properties of an environment make it green or restorative.
B.Sc. (Hons) Psychology
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