A descriptive comparative study of attitudes towards health and safety between employees in SME’s (small and medium enterprises) and large businesses within the retail sector
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The aim of this research was to find out if the size of a business affects the attitudes of its employees in regards to occupational health and safety within the retail sector. This study compares the attitudes of participants from small and medium enterprises (SME’s) and participants from larger businesses. The current position in the UK, is that health and safety legislation applies equally to all organisations regardless of size. However, there is evidence of inequalities when comparing health and safety between SME’s and larger businesses. Employee engagement and attitude is one factor that contributes to this. Interviewer led questionnaires were undertaken containing a combination of questions to try to gain an understanding of participant’s opinions, values, knowledge and dispositions associated with occupational health and safety, in order to gage an employees overall attitude. Quantitative data was gathered in order to make effective comparisons between employee’s attitudes in the two study groups. After a thorough investigation into current relevant literature, a hypothesise was made that the study would reveal a difference in attitude between the two study groups and that employees from the larger businesses would convey a more positive attitude toward health and safety. This study was able to support the hypothesis with results showing, in some cases, a vast difference between the two study groups with overall employees of a larger business showing more positive attitude toward occupational health and safety.