Psychological consequences of childhood obesity: psychiatric comorbidity and prevention
Wiltshire, Huw David
MetadataShow full item record
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies. The aim was to establish what has recently changed in relation to the common psychological consequences associated with childhood OBy. A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for articles presenting information on the identification or prevention of psychiatric morbidity in childhood obesity. Relevant data were extracted and narratively reviewed. Findings established childhood OW/OBy was negatively associated with psychological comorbidities, such as depression, poorer perceived lower scores on health-related quality of life, emotional and behavioral disorders, and self-esteem during childhood. Evidence related to the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and OBy remains unconvincing because of various findings from studies. OW children were more likely to experience multiple associated psychosocial problems than their healthy-weight peers, which may be adversely influenced by OBy stigma, teasing, and bullying. OBy stigma, teasing, and bullying are pervasive and can have serious consequences for emotional and physical health and performance. It remains unclear as to whether psychiatric disorders and psychological problems are a cause or a consequence of childhood obesity or whether common factors promote both obesity and psychiatric disturbances in susceptible children and adolescents. A cohesive and strategic approach to tackle this current obesity epidemic is necessary to combat this increasing trend which is compromising the health and well-being of the young generation and seriously impinging on resources and economic costs.
Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics;
Rankin, J., Matthews, L., Cobley, S., Han, A., Sanders, R., Wiltshire, H.D. and Baker, J.S. (2017) 'Psychological consequences of childhood obesity: psychiatric comorbidity and prevention' Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, Nov DOI 10.2147/AHMT.S101631
This article was published in Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics on 14 November 2017, available open access at https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S101631
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
An Exploration into Parental Influence on Snacking Trends and It’s Possible Impact on Childhood Obesity in the United States Gordenstein, Samantha Jill (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2017-06-01)Background – Childhood obesity is a current major public health concern in the United States. Overconsumption of food and lack of physical activity are the main concerns relating to the obesity epidemic. Snacking has ...
The barriers to physical activity participation for the sixty plus population in Wales: a critical examination of the Welsh Assembly Government's Free Swimming Initiative. Anderson, Melissa (University of Wales Institute, Cardiff., 2011)Despite the overwhelming evidence of the physiological (Booth et o1.,2000; Warburton et al.,2006), psychological (Department of Health,2004a) and social (Carter,2005) benefits to be gained from regular physical activity ...
Zhao, Fei; Manchaiah, Vinaya; St. Claire, Lindsay; Danermark, Berth; Jones, Lesley; Brandreth, Marian; Krishna, Rajalakshmi; Goodwin, Robin (Taylor Francis Online, 2015)Objective: The purpose of this paper was to highlight the importance of cultural infl uence in understanding hearing-help seeking and hearing-aid uptake. Design: Information on audiological services in different countries ...