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dc.contributor.authorRankin, Jean
dc.contributor.authorMatthews, Lynsay
dc.contributor.authorCobley, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorHan, Ahreum
dc.contributor.authorSanders, Ross
dc.contributor.authorWiltshire, Huw David
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Julien
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-16T16:57:17Z
dc.date.available2017-11-16T16:57:17Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-14
dc.identifier.citationRankin, J., Matthews, L., Cobley, S., Han, A., Sanders, R., Wiltshire, H.D. and Baker, J.S. (2017) 'Psychological consequences of childhood obesity: psychiatric comorbidity and prevention' Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, Nov DOI 10.2147/AHMT.S101631en_US
dc.identifier.issn1179-318X (ESSN)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/9046
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics on 14 November 2017, available open access at https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S101631en_US
dc.description.abstractChildhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies. The aim was to establish what has recently changed in relation to the common psychological consequences associated with childhood OBy. A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for articles presenting information on the identification or prevention of psychiatric morbidity in childhood obesity. Relevant data were extracted and narratively reviewed. Findings established childhood OW/OBy was negatively associated with psychological comorbidities, such as depression, poorer perceived lower scores on health-related quality of life, emotional and behavioral disorders, and self-esteem during childhood. Evidence related to the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and OBy remains unconvincing because of various findings from studies. OW children were more likely to experience multiple associated psychosocial problems than their healthy-weight peers, which may be adversely influenced by OBy stigma, teasing, and bullying. OBy stigma, teasing, and bullying are pervasive and can have serious consequences for emotional and physical health and performance. It remains unclear as to whether psychiatric disorders and psychological problems are a cause or a consequence of childhood obesity or whether common factors promote both obesity and psychiatric disturbances in susceptible children and adolescents. A cohesive and strategic approach to tackle this current obesity epidemic is necessary to combat this increasing trend which is compromising the health and well-being of the young generation and seriously impinging on resources and economic costs.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherDovepressen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAdolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics;
dc.subjectchildhood obesityen_US
dc.subjectpreventionen_US
dc.subjectpediatricen_US
dc.subjectmental healthen_US
dc.subjectbullyingen_US
dc.titlePsychological consequences of childhood obesity: psychiatric comorbidity and preventionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S101631
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-09-15
rioxxterms.versionVoRen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-11-16


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