To what extent has the issue regarding stigma and mental health changed in comparison to the 1400’s.
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Research question: To what extent has the issue regarding stigma and mental health changed in comparison to the 1400’s. Rationale: Every year, one in every four people experience a mental health condition in the UK (Mind, 2013). In 2015, 13% of adults received treatment for a mental health condition in Wales, compared to 12% in 2014 (Statistics for Wales, 2015). Therefore, the amount of people experiencing mental health conditions are rising. In addition to this, 1 in 5 people in a study conducted by Pettitt et al (2013) experienced a violent assault because they had been diagnosed with a mental health condition. This statistic suggests that stigma and discrimination exists today and more effective methods should be introduced to tackle the issue. Method: Both quantitative and qualitative studies were examined in the form of an extended, systematic literature review. Two electronic databases were searched including MetSearch and CINAHL using terms such as ‘mental health’, ‘stigma’ and ‘discrimination’. The search was then refined to articles that were produced in the UK, written in English with a publication date of 2005 or later. The selected articles were then chosen based on their relevance to the study, based on their title, abstract and main text. Content analysis was also used to check their relevance to the study. The sample of this study included adults, older adults and mental health care professionals. Results: Thematical analysis was used to analysis the findings where they were grouped together based on occurring themes. Overall, the results indicated that the issue regarding stigma/discrimination and mental health has not improved in comparison to the 1400’s despite campaigns created in order to eradicate the issue. Other factors including the media negatively reinforce the stigma linked to mental health by portraying those diagnosed with mental health conditions as violent. Conclusion: Stigma in relation to mental health is a major problem in today’s society. However, further research is needed to explore why mental health campaigns are failing to improve the issue. In addition to this, further research should be carried out to explore the ways in which people experiencing mental health problems can overcome stigmatic and discriminatory experiences.
BSc (Hons) Health and Social Care
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