Syllogistic Reasoning: Effects of Music Preferences on Performance Between Introverts and Extraverts
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Research suggests cognitive performance is influenced by various factors. Typically, research has investigated this through memory and attention whereas reasoning is less researched. It is suggested that reasoning may be effected by introversion/ extraversion where differences are seen due to arousal. Another factor that has been demonstrated as detrimental to reasoning is music; where the importance of music preferences has been disputed. The aim of this study was to investigate how the introversion/ extraversion dimension of personality can affect syllogistic reasoning performance during 3 sound conditions; liked music, disliked music and a quiet condition. A mixed two-way ANOVA analysed the data of forty-one undergraduates finding no significant interaction between personality and music on reasoning performance and no significant main effect of sound. However, a significant main effect of personality was found although revealed an unexpected pattern, as extraverts outperformed introverts across all sound conditions. Possible explanations are discussed along with possible explanations for the insignificant findings. This research may be considered as further support for past literature investigating effects of music on cognitive performance due to the pattern of results and future research considerations are suggested to explain why extraverts may outperform introverts during quiet.
BSc (Hons) Psychology
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