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dc.contributor.authorWhicher, Anna
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-20T09:50:32Z
dc.date.available2018-02-20T09:50:32Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-27
dc.identifier.citationWhicher, A. (2017) 'Design ecosystems and innovation policy in Europe', Strategic Design Research Journal, 10(2), p.117-125en_US
dc.identifier.issn1984-2988
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10369/9279
dc.descriptionThis article was published in Strategic Design Research Journal in May 2017 (online), available open access at http://dx.doi.org/10.4013/sdrj.2017.102.04en_US
dc.description.abstractIn 2015, 15 of the 28 European Member States had design included in national innovation policy and between 2012 and 2016, design action plans have been adopted by governments in Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Ireland and Latvia as well as by the European Commission. Long misunderstood by companies and government as styling, design is a user-centred approach to problem-solving that can be applied across the private and public sectors. Design has attracted the attention of policy-makers as a factor for innovation as part of a paradigm shift in Europe where the remit of innovation policy is expanding. In the same way that innovation policy is based on an analysis of the Innovation Ecosystem, design researchers have demonstrated that design policy should be based on an analysis of the Design Ecosystem. Finland was the first country to adopt the concept of a National Innovation System to inform innovation policy in 1992 and it was also the first country to adopt the concept of a Design Ecosystem to inform its design policy in 2013. The European Commission’s Action Plan for Design-driven Innovation encourages all European countries to integrate design into innovation policy and develop design action plans. However, this raises the fundamental question of how government can effectively develop design policy. Through a consensus building process with policy-makers, academics and design centre managers, various components of a Design Ecosystem were explored and tested. The processes resulted in a consolidated Design Ecosystem model with nine components: (1) users, (2) support, (3) promotion, (4) actors, (5) designers, (6) education, (7) research, (8), funding, and (9) policy. The Design Ecosystem model advocates that a policy should consider every aspect of the ecosystem to ensure a balance between supply of and demand for design expertise.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversidad do Vale de Rio dos Sinosen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesStrategic Design Research Journal;
dc.subjectdesign ecosystemen_US
dc.subjectinnovation policyen_US
dc.subjectdesign policyen_US
dc.titleDesign ecosystems and innovation policy in Europeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.4013/sdrj.2017.102.04
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-03-10
rioxxterms.funderCardiff Metropolitan Universityen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectCardiff Metropolian (Internal)en_US
rioxxterms.versionVoRen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-02-20
rioxxterms.funder.project37baf166-7129-4cd4-b6a1-507454d1372een_US


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