Leadership Styles at Syrian Universities and the Differences Caused by Sector and Follower Characteristics
Ayoubi, Rami M.
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This study aims at assessing two modern leadership styles: transactional leadership and transformational leadership at Syrian universities. It also aims at exploring whether or not there are differences in leadership styles caused by sector or follower demographics. A quantitative research paradigm was employed. Using a questionnaire survey method, the data was collected from managerial employees at two public and private universities. In total, 216 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS. The findings revealed that there is a high level of transactional leadership except one of its dimensions, management by exception-passive, which occurred in a medium level. There is also a high level of transformational leadership except one of its dimensions, individualized consideration, which occurred in a medium level. Furthermore, the study found significant differences in leadership styles that are caused by follower demographics, but not sector. Suggestions for Syrian universities are presented. Proposals for future studies are highlighted in the study.
Arab Economics and Business Journal;
Ayoubi, R.M. and Khalifa, B. (2015) 'Leadership Styles at Syrian Universities and the Differences Caused by Sector and Follower Characteristics', Arab Economic and Business Journal, 10(1), pp.1-8
This article was published open access in June 2015 (online), available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aebj.2014.11.001
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