Chronological Age vs. Biological Maturation: Implications for Exercise Programming in Youth
Lloyd, Rhodri S.
De Ste Croix, Mark
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
Biological maturation is associated with significant change to a number of physiological and structural processes throughout childhood and, in particular, adolescence. Mismatched rapid growth in the long bones relative to muscular lengthening may disrupt structure, neuromuscular function, and physical performance. Practitioners who work with school-age youth should be aware of the age-related changes that typically take place during a child's development to ensure that their strength and conditioning programming is as safe and effective as possible for enhancing performance and reducing injury risk. Although there are several methods available to assess biological maturation, practitioners who work with youth can benefit from assessment methods that are available and feasible, and that provide utility in the quantification of the degree and stages of biological maturation that affect motor performance in children and adolescents. This article synthesizes the relevant assessment methods and provides a rationale for understanding usable biological maturation assessment tools that can aid in the development of training program design for youth.
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research;
Lloyd, R.S., Oliver, J.L., Faigenbaum, A.D., Myer, G.D. and Croix, M.B.D.S. (2014) 'Chronological age vs. biological maturation: implications for exercise programming in youth', The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(5), pp.1454-1464
Dynodwr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000391
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Article published in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research available at https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000391
- Sport Research Groups 
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Bio-banding in Sport: Applications to Competition, Talent Identification, and Strength and Conditioning of Youth Athletes Cumming, S.P.; Lloyd, Rhodri S.; Oliver, Jon; Eisenmann, J.C.; Malina, R.M. (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2017-04-01)Bio-banding is the process of grouping athletes on the basis of attributes associated with growth and maturation, rather than chronological age. Children of the same age may vary considerably in biological maturation with ...
Read, P.J.; Oliver, Jon; De Ste Croix, M.B.; Myer, G.D.; Lloyd, Rhodri S. (Taylor & Francis, 2016-04-27)Early specialisation is characterised by formal participation in a single sport at the exclusion of others. Limited data are available to support this approach in the development of soccer players who attain elite status ...
Dobbs, Ian J. (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2020)Natural growth and maturation have been demonstrated to influence movement competency, strength, and power performance in males. However, little is known with regards to how maturational status influences these athletic ...