Technique selection in young female gymnasts: Elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round-off
Taylor & Francis
MetadataShow full item record
Biophysical loading of the elbow and wrist is a potential reason for chronic lesions in gymnastics and present a real concern for coaches, scientist and clinicians. Previous research has identified injury risk factors during round-off (RO) skills in elite female gymnasts. The aim of this study was to investigate key elbow and wrist joint injury risk factors during different techniques of fundamental cartwheel (CW) and RO skills performed by young female artistic gymnasts. Seventeen active young female gymnasts performed 30 successful trials of both CW and RO from a hurdle step with three different hand positions (parallel (10), T-shape (10) and reverse (10)). Synchronised kinematic (240 Hz) and kinetic (1200 Hz) data were collected for each trial. One-way repeated measures ANOVA and effect size (ES) were used for statistical analysis. The results showed statistically significant differences (P < .05) and large ES (>0.8) among hand positions for peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF), peak elbow compression force, peak wrist compression force, elbow internal adduction moment and wrist dorsiflexion angle. In conclusion, the parallel and reverse techniques increase peak VGRF, elbow and wrist compression forces, and elbow internal adduction moment. These differences indicate that the parallel and reverse techniques may increase the potential of elbow and wrist injuries in young gymnasts compared with the T-shape technique; this is of particular importance with the high frequency of the performance of these fundamental skills.
European Journal of Sport Science;
Farana, R., Exell, T., Strutzenberger, G. and Irwin, G. (2018) 'Technique selection in young female gymnasts: Elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round-off', European Journal of Sport Science, 18 (3), pp. 423-430
Article published in European Journal of Sport Science available at https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1424941
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Burton, Sophie (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)The back handspring is a fundamental skill for female artistic gymnasts. Wrist injuries from tumbling movements are common in recreational and elite gymnasts (Farana et al., 2015). Coaches often face the challenge of ...
The influence of hand positions on biomechanical injury risk factors at the wrist joint during the round-off skills in female gymnastics Farana, Roman; Jandacka, Daniel; Uchytil, Jaroslav; Zahradnik, David; Irwin, Gareth (Taylor & Francis, 2016-03-11)The aim of this study was to examine the biomechanical injury risk factors at the wrist, including joint kinetics, kinematics and stiffness in the first and second contact limb for parallel and T-shape round-off (RO) ...
Technique selection ‘the coaches challenge’ influencing injury risk during the first contact hand of the round off skill in female gymnastics. Farana, Roman; Jandacka, Daniel; Uchytil, Jaroslav; Zahradnik, David; Irwin, Gareth (De Gruyter, 2017-03)The importance of technique selection on elbow injury risk has been identified for the key round off skill in female gymnastics, with a focus on the second contact limb. The aim of this study was to shift the focus to the ...