Technique selection in young female gymnasts: Elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round-off
Taylor & Francis
MetadataDangos cofnod eitem llawn
Biophysical loading of the elbow and wrist is a potential reason for chronic lesions in gymnastics and present a real concern for coaches, scientist and clinicians. Previous research has identified injury risk factors during round-off (RO) skills in elite female gymnasts. The aim of this study was to investigate key elbow and wrist joint injury risk factors during different techniques of fundamental cartwheel (CW) and RO skills performed by young female artistic gymnasts. Seventeen active young female gymnasts performed 30 successful trials of both CW and RO from a hurdle step with three different hand positions (parallel (10), T-shape (10) and reverse (10)). Synchronised kinematic (240 Hz) and kinetic (1200 Hz) data were collected for each trial. One-way repeated measures ANOVA and effect size (ES) were used for statistical analysis. The results showed statistically significant differences (P < .05) and large ES (>0.8) among hand positions for peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF), peak elbow compression force, peak wrist compression force, elbow internal adduction moment and wrist dorsiflexion angle. In conclusion, the parallel and reverse techniques increase peak VGRF, elbow and wrist compression forces, and elbow internal adduction moment. These differences indicate that the parallel and reverse techniques may increase the potential of elbow and wrist injuries in young gymnasts compared with the T-shape technique; this is of particular importance with the high frequency of the performance of these fundamental skills.
European Journal of Sport Science;
Farana, R., Exell, T., Strutzenberger, G. and Irwin, G. (2018) 'Technique selection in young female gymnasts: Elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round-off', European Journal of Sport Science, 18 (3), pp. 423-430
Dynodwr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1424941
Article published in European Journal of Sport Science available at https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1424941
- Sport Research Groups 
Yn dangos eitemau sy’n perthyn drwy deitl, awdur, pwnc a chrynodeb.
Sex differences in elbow and wrist joint loading during the cartwheel and round off with different hand positions performed by young gymnasts Farana, Roman; Strutzenberger, Gerda; Exell, Timothy; Skypala, Jiri; Wiltshire, Huw David; Irwin, Gareth (Taylor and Francis, 2019-01-11)The aim of the study was to determine if sex differences exist in the key elbow and wrist joint injury risk factors during different cartwheel (CW) and round-off (RO) techniques performed by young male and female artistic ...
Burton, Sophie (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2015)The back handspring is a fundamental skill for female artistic gymnasts. Wrist injuries from tumbling movements are common in recreational and elite gymnasts (Farana et al., 2015). Coaches often face the challenge of ...
Effect of different hand positions on elbow loading during the round off in male gymnastics: A case study Farana, Roman; Janezckova, Petra; Ucytil, Jaroslav; Irwin, Gareth (University of Ljubljana, 2015-06-01)Elbow lesions are a potential reason for ending a gymnastics career, and presents a real concern for coaches, scientist and clinicians. Previous research has focused on female gymnastics and as such the aim of the current ...