Prevalence of Undiagnosed Cardiovascular Risk Factors and 10-Year CVD Risk in Male Steel Industry Workers
Mellalieu, Stephen D.
Williams, Sally P.
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
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Objective: To assess the prevalence of undiagnosed cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a cohort of male steelworkers in South Wales, UK. Methods: Male steel industry workers (n = 221) with no prior diagnosis of CVD or diabetes accepted a CVD risk assessment within the work environment. Demographic, anthropometric, family, and medical histories were all recorded and capillary blood samples obtained. The 10-year CVD risk was predicted using the QRISK2–2012 algorithm. Results: Up to 81.5% of workers were either overweight or obese. More than 20% of workers were found to have diastolic hypertension, high total cholesterol, and/or a total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein ratio of six or more. Over one quarter of workers assessed had an increased 10-year CVD risk. Conclusions: Despite a physically demanding occupation, risk assessment in the workplace uncovered significant occult factors in CVD risk in a sample of male heavy industry workers.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine;
Gray, B.J., Bracken, R.M., Turner, D., Morgan, K., Mellalieu, S.D., Thomas, M., Williams, S.P., Williams, M., Rice, S. and Stephens, J.W. (2014) 'Prevalence of undiagnosed cardiovascular risk factors and 10-year CVD risk in male steel industry workers', Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56(5), pp.535-539
This article was published in Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine in 2014, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000146
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