Examining the levels of occupational physical activity and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Mellalieu, Stephen D.
Williams, Sally P.
MetadataShow full item record
Occupational physical activity has been previously shown to have a protective benefit against developing type 2 diabetes. The study presented here investigated diabetes risk in two contrasting workplaces in South Wales. Two-hundred and four steel workers (SW) and 83 local health board employees (LHB) participated in this study. Demographic and anthropometric data, blood pressure, smoking status, physical activity levels, and family and medical histories were recorded and diabetes risk calculated using the QDiabetes® algorithm. A higher proportion of SW were assessed to be either physically “active” or “moderately active” compared with the LHB (93.6% versus 67.5%; P<0.001). However, the SW were observed to have larger BMI values (29.0 kg/m2 [standard deviation, 4.4 kg/m2] versus 27.5 kg/m2 [3.0 kg/m2]; P=0.004) and a greater proportion of them observed to be obese (38.7% versus 22.9%; P=0.01). Almost one-third of all workers assessed were predicted to be at either “intermediate” or “high” 10-year risk of developing diabetes. However, despite the higher BMI values observed in the SW, predicted risk of diabetes was comparable between workforces (QDiabetes, 6.3% [2.5%] versus 6.8% [2.2%]; P=0.494), thus suggesting that routine physical activity at work mitigates against the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes & Primary Care;
Gray, B.J., Bracken, R.M., Turner, D., Morgan, K., Mellalieu, S.D., Thomas, M., Williams, S.P., Williams, M., Rice, S. and Stephens, J.W. (2014) 'Examining the levels of occupational physical activity and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes', Diabetes & Primary Care 16 (6), pp. 293-298
This article was published in Diabetes & Primary Care in 2014, available at http://www.diabetesandprimarycare.co.uk/journal-content/view/examining-the-levels-of-occupational-physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-developing-type-2-diabetes
- Sport Research Groups 
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
McCann, Adrian (University of Wales, 2011)The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is rising throughout the world. Explicit evidence has demonstrated sedentary behaviour is a powerful but modifiable risk factor affecting glycaemic control and the incidence ...
An investigation into existing participation barriers for adolescent females in Physical Education and Physical Activity and how intervention strategies used by a Physical Education department can provide possible solutions to address these Chamberlain, Rachel (University of Wales Institute Cardiff, 2011)The promotion of Physical Activity has attracted growing interest in recent years, due to the evidence that healthy lifestyle behaviours among children and adolescents can translate into reduced health risks in their ...
Trindler, Ashleigh (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2013)Although there is clear evidence to illustrate the positive effect that physical activity has on a person’s health; physically, mentally and socially, (Warburton et al., 2006; Hylton and Bramham, 2006; Fox, 1999) the ...