Trace Elemental Composition in PM10 and PM2.5 Collected in Cardiff, Wales
MetadataShow full item record
A Dichotomous Sampler Model 241 was used to collect PM10 and PM2.5 samples, from midnight to midnight on every other day, from December 2009 to December 2010. Ca, K, Mg, Na, Al, Pb, Cr, Ni, Zn, Cu, Cd, and Fe were determined by Atomic absorption Spectrometer (AAS). The mass concentration ranged from 18.0 to 83.3 μg/m3, with an annual average of 37. 9 μg/m3 for PM10. The mass concentration of PM2.5 ranged from 3.0 to 36.0 μg/m3 with an annual average of 14.1 μg/m. Most of the elements in both PM fractions were abundant in the winter season. A good correlation was observed between PM10 and PM2.5.Enrichment factors (EF) for elements in PM10 and PM2.5 were calculated and indicate that elements from anthropogenic origins such as Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr and Cd were highly enriched with respect to crustal elements Al, Fe and Ca.
Mohammed, G., Karani, G. and Mitchell, D. (2017) 'Trace Elemental Composition in PM10 and PM2. 5 Collected in Cardiff, Wales', Energy Procedia, 111, pp.540-547.
This paper given at the 8th International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings, SEB-16, 11-13 September 2016, Turin, ITALY was published open access in Energy Procedia on 28 March 2017 (online), available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.216
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
Showing items related by title, author, subject and abstract.
Mohamed, Guma E.T. (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2012)The issue of particulate matter (PM) and associated health and environmental problems has been subjected to extensive research in a number of countries. However, there are no recent studies concerning the physical and ...
The Development of a Tacit Knowledge Spectrum based on the Interrelationships between Tacit and Explicit Knowledge Clarke, Timothy (University of WalesCardiff School of Management, 2010)Tacit knowledge is a valuable asset to organisations which is not readily being recognised. Years of experience and understanding of an organisations processes, operations and clients, is being lost on a daily basis through ...
Human Centred Interface Design: How Information can be Presented to Increase Productivity Within the Call Centre Industry. Ayres, Rhiannon (Cardiff Metropolitan University, 2017-04)This project focuses on incorporating key human-centred interface design methods and guidelines into the development of web pages used regularly by call centre workers within the insurance industry. The guidelines applied ...