Efficacy of an 8-Week Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Programme on Hand Cycling Performance
Smith, Paul M.
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week concurrent strength and endurance training programme in comparison to endurance training only on several key determinants of hand cycling performance. Five H4 and five H3 classified hand cyclists with at least one year’s hand cycling training history consented to participate in the study. Subjects underwent a battery of tests to establish body mass, body composition, VO2peak, maximum aerobic power, gross mechanical efficiency, maximal upper body strength, and 30 km time trial performance. Subjects were matched into pairs based upon 30 km time trial performance and randomly allocated to either a concurrent strength and endurance or endurance training only, intervention group. Following an 8-week training programme based upon a conjugated block periodisation model, subjects completed a second battery of tests. A mixed model, 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed no significant changes between groups. However, the calculation of effect sizes (ES) revealed that both groups demonstrated a positive improvement in most physiological and performance measures with subjects in the concurrent group demonstrating a greater magnitude of improvement in body composition (ES -0.80 vs. -0.22) maximal aerobic power (ES 0.97 vs. 0.28), gross mechanical efficiency (ES 0.87 vs. 0.63), bench press 1 repetition maximum (ES 0.53 vs. 0.33), seated row 1 repetition maximum (ES 1.42 vs. 0.43), and 30 km time trial performance (ES -0.66 vs. -0.30). In comparison to endurance training only, an 8-week concurrent training intervention based upon a conjugated block periodisation model appears to be a more effective training regime for improving the performance capabilities of hand cyclists.
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research;
Nevin, J., Smith, P., Waldron, M., Patterson, S., Price, M., Hunt, A. and Blagrove, R. (2018) 'Efficacy of an 8-Week Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training program on Hand Cycling Performance', The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 32(7), pp.1861-1868.
This is the author's accepted manuscript and may differ from the article published in The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research on 20 March 2018 (online) ahead of print, available at https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002569
Cardiff Metropolitan University (Grant ID: Cardiff Metropolian (Internal))
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