Impact of Leadership Styles on Employee Engagement in the Current UAE Infrastructure Market for Engineering Consultancies: An Analysis of Employee Perspectives
Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The impact of leadership styles on employee behaviour and performance have been widely researched over the years by multiple researchers. The changing economic conditions and market scenarios in the Middle East due to drop in oil prices have contributed to a decline in infrastructure projects in the UAE. This has led to job insecurity among employees working in the engineering consultancies in the UAE which has affected the engagement of employees. Therefore, it has become necessary for the leaders to ensure that the employees are effectively engaged so that the performance of the organization can be maintained. This dissertation focuses on investigating the impact of various leadership styles on employee engagement in the current UAE infrastructure engineering consultancies. Using both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis procedures, this dissertation aims to understand the employee perspectives on the behaviour of their team leader or manager and how it affects their engagement and its work-related factors and also determine the leadership style which is best-suited for such engineering consultancies according to the employees. The findings of this dissertation show that transactional leadership is the best-suited leadership style for effectively engaging the employees in infrastructure engineering consultancies in UAE. This research also discusses how autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire, situational, transactional and transformational leadership styles affect work-related factors of employee engagement such as employee performance, productivity, motivation, retention etc. As a part of this research, it is also recommended that if the team leaders of these organizations focus on certain factors such as training needs of the employees, employee ownership, motivation etc., the workforce can be engaged more effectively.
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