Protein supplementation; a cross-sectional survey of the perceived benefits among amateur sports people in relation to their exercise behaviour
Swistob, Jamie Lee
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BACKGROUND The prevalence of use of protein supplements among amateur sports people is increasingly becoming accepted lifestyle practice, with purchase and consumption of protein supplements increasing in the UK. The perceived benefits of these high-protein products may have led to misconceptions that protein supplements are essential to individuals sporting goals and success. METHODS To investigate the perceived benefits of protein supplements through cross-sectional analysis of 55 amateur sports people over the age of 18 years by using a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS There was a greater quantity of participants that used protein supplements. The majority of participants were male and aged 25-34 years. Females were shown to use protein supplements as much as males. Participants that used protein supplements were likely to exercise once per week, or more. An equal number of participants that use protein supplements took part in strength, cardio and endurance exercises. Those who do endurance exercise were more likely to use protein supplements. The most common time of protein supplement usage was within one hour after exercise. The most common source of knowledge on protein supplements came from protein product branding, packaging or advertisements, nutrition and health websites, friends and colleagues. Healthcare professionals and nutritionists only made up a small portion of sources of knowledge on protein supplements. CONCLUSIONS The present study highlighted that many amateur sports people obtain information from unregulated sources, therefore their beliefs may not be evidence based.
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