The impact of green and blue space on stress, affect and happiness
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The findings from previous research demonstrate that nature is beneficial to psychological wellbeing. In this area, it is unclear on the type of environment that is most beneficial for psychological wellbeing. Therefore, there is an undoubted need for further high quality research. This study aims to investigate the impact of green space and blue space on stress, affect and happiness in real life environments to incorporate all the human body senses. Individuals completed measures of stress, affect and happiness before and after walking in green space and blue space. Everyone participated in both trials. There was a significant interaction of environment and time on stress score F (1, 9) = 5.666, MSE = 3.840, p < .05, where stress decreased overtime and more so in blue space than green space. Although results revealed that environment and time also had an impact on positive and negative affect, and happiness, this was not statistically significant. Thus, this study concludes that walking for 30 minutes in blue space reduces stress significantly more than walking for 30 minutes in green space. Results also showed that walking in either natural environment for 30 minutes reduced stress and negative affect and increased positive affect and happiness.
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