Cognitive reflection task vs abstract reasoning, which is a better predictor of religiosity?
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A growing body of scientific interest has focused on the cognitive processing differences between religious and non-religious believers. It has been well established that an individual’s ability to think analytically has been shown to predict religious beliefs and has been linked to the dual-processing model. More recently, performance on the Cognitive Reflection Task (the most widely used individual difference measure of analytical thinking) has been linked to levels of religiosity. However, to date little research has looked at abstract and deontic reasoning tasks. Performance on abstract reasoning task have been linked to an individual’s ability to think analytically, where as a deontic reasoning makes use of a heuristic (logical) style of thinking. Based on this, this study aims to examine if abstract reasoning is correlated to religious level and if so, what is a better predictor of religion; the CRT or abstract reasoning. To assess this, individuals were required to complete a religious beliefs questionnaire, followed by 5 CRT problem, then they were required to complete 3 abstract and 3 deontic questions. Over all this study found that there was a statistical significance: F (3, 52) = 3.717, P = .017. However, CRT was the only predictor variable of religion that was statistically significant. Although abstract reasoning also revealed a positive relationship with religion it was not statistically significant. Finally, deontic reasoning was found to have a negative relationship with religion and did not show any statistical significance. Thus, this study firstly concludes that, CRT is the significant predictor of religiosity. Secondly, although abstract reasoning has positive relationship with religion, the result showed that abstract reasoning is not a significant predictor of religion.
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